A child’s growth is more than just physical. Children grow, develop, and learn throughout their lives, starting at birth. A child’s development can be followed by how they play, learn, speak, and behave.
Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, and waving “bye bye” are called developmental milestones. Children reach milestones in playing, learning, speaking, behaving, and moving (crawling, walking, etc.). A developmental delay is when your child does not reach these milestones at the same time as other children the same age. If your child is not developing properly, there are things you can do that may help. Most of the time, a developmental problem is not something your child will “grow out of” on his or her own. But with help, your child could reach his or her full potential.
Doctors use developmental screening to tell if children are learning basic skills when they should, or if they might have problems. Your child’s doctor may ask you questions or talk and play with your child during an exam to see how he or she learns, speaks, behaves, and moves. Since there is no lab or blood test to tell if your child may have a delay, the developmental screening will help tell if your child needs to see a specialist.
When a developmental delay is not recognized early, children must wait to get the help they need. This can make it hard for them to learn when they start school. Children have a developmental or behavioral disability such as autism, intellectual disability (also known as mental retardation),or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In addition, many children have delays in language or other areas. But, less than half of children with problems are identified before starting school. During this time, the child could have received help for these problems and may even have entered school more ready to learn. I have concerns that my child could have a developmental delay. Whom can I contact to get a developmental assessment for my child? Talk to your child’s doctor if you have concerns about how your child is developing. If you or your doctor think there could be a problem, you can take your child to see a developmental pediatrician or other specialist for help. If there is a problem, it is very important to get your child help as soon as possible.
Proper nutrition, exercise, and rest are very important for children’s health and development. Providing a safe and loving home and spending time with your child – playing, singing, reading, and even just talking – can also make a big difference in his or her development.
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test used to evaluate the electrical activity in the brain that may be associated with certain brain disorders.
Your doctor may ask you to sleep as little as possible the night before the test if you’re required to sleep during the EEG. You may also be given a sedative to help you to relax and sleep before the test begins.
An EEG may be done at a hospital, at your doctor’s office, or at a laboratory by a specialized technician. It usually takes 30 to 60 minutes to complete.
The test tracks and records brain wave patterns. The electrodes analyze the electrical impulses in the brain and send signals to a computer, where the results are recorded. The electrical impulses in an EEG recording look like wavy lines with peaks and valleys. These lines allow doctors to quickly assess whether there are abnormal patterns. Any irregularities may be a sign of seizures or other brain disorders.
There are no risks associated with an EEG. It is a painless and safe procedure.
Brain-stem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA)Bera is an objective way of eliciting brain stem potentials in response to audiological click stimuli. These waves are recorded by electrodes placed over the scalp. Even though BERA provides information regardi
Bera is an objective way of eliciting brain stem potentials in response to audiological click stimuli. These waves are recorded by electrodes placed over the scalp. Even though BERA provides information regarding auditory function and sensitivity, it is not a substitute for other methods of audiological evaluation. It should be always viewed in conjunction with other audiological investigations.
The stimulus either in the form of click or tone pip is transmitted to the ear via a transducer placed in the insert ear phone or head phone. The wave forms of impulses generated at the level of brain stem are recorded by the placement of electrodes over the scalp.
A visual evoked potential is an evoked potential caused by a visual stimulus, such as an alternating checkerboard pattern on a computer screen. Responses are recorded from electrodes which originate from the occipital cortex – the area of the brain involv
The procedure is very safe and non-invasive.