Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is the most common form of learning disability accounting for 80% of all learning disabilities. It is characterized by trouble with reading unrelated to problems with overall intelligence.
What are the symptoms of Dyslexia?
A. In early childhood, symptoms include delayed onset of speech, difficulty distinguishing left from right, difficulty with direction, as well as being easily distracted by background noise.
B. In late childhood signs include difficulty in identifying or generating rhyming words, counting the number of syllables in words. They may also show difficulty in segmenting words into individual sounds or may blend sounds when producing words, difficulties with word retrieval or naming things.
C. Problems persist into adolescence and adulthood and may accompany difficulties with summarizing stories, memorization, reading aloud, or learning foreign languages
What are some of the conditions associated with Dyslexia?
A. Dysgraphia : A disorder which primarily expresses itself through difficulties with writing or typing, but in some cases through difficulties associated with eye–hand coordination and direction- or sequence-oriented processes such as tying knots or carrying out repetitive tasks.
B. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A significant degree of co-morbidity has been reported between Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and reading disorders such as dyslexia. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) occurs in 12–24% of all individuals with dyslexia.
What causes Dyslexia?
The exact cause of Dyslexia is still unknown. Various theories have postulated the interplay of genetics and environmental factors as its causes.
How is Dyslexia diagnosed?
There are tests that can indicate with high probability whether a person is dyslexic. If diagnostic testing indicates that a person may be dyslexic, such tests are often followed up with a full diagnostic assessment to determine the extent and nature of the disorder.
What is the treatment for Dyslexia?
A. Through the use of compensation strategies, therapy and educational support, dyslexic individuals can learn to read and write. There are techniques and technical aids which help to manage or conceal symptoms of the disorder.
B. Removing stress and anxiety alone can sometimes improve written comprehension. The fundamental aim is to increase a child's awareness of correspondences between graphemes (letters) and phonemes (sounds), and to relate these to reading and spelling by teaching how sounds blend into words.
C. Reinforced collateral training focused on reading and spelling yields longer-lasting gains than oral phonological training alone.
D. Early intervention – that is done while the language areas of the brain are still developing – is the most successful in reducing the long-term impacts of dyslexia.
E. The use of specially-tailored fonts mitigate the effects of dyslexia. These fonts were created based on the idea that many of the letters of the Latin alphabet are visually similar and may therefore confuse dyslexics.
Speech therapy is an intervention service that focuses on improving a child’s speech and abilities to understand and express language, including nonverbal language.
We enrolled our daughter Am*e* in for occupational therapy (Sensory integration) under the care and supervision of Dr Nitin in the fist week of Feb 2017 at Continua kids (Gurugram)
Before sensory integration at continua, Am*e* had no focus, she never responded to call, and generally had more tantrums/behaviour issues. Now by the end of May 2017, she is responding to call , could identify parents, relatives, could mutter (slowly)... Mommy, Papa, her own name, her brother's name, name of few fruits.
Pe*li & Sw**up Pan**rahi
@ Dr Himani Maam,
More than a good doctor, I have the fact that you were a good listener. We are obliged to you for your effective analysis and diagnosis for our son "Sri**n". First of all, it has eased us from the negative thoughts we had and clarified a lot of doubts. In addition to this it has helped us in taking a focused approach towards the treatment.
I am also thankful to almighty that I have been recommended to Continua Kids on time. We got all suggestions and support to make the course correction which was necessary for my son.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex disorders of brain development.
CONTINUA Kids (Centre of Neurotherapy In Uniquely-Abled Kids) is a research directed, holistic centre, imparting medically supervised therapies, early intervention programs, and support for uniquely abled children. The centre is unique in its own way as it provides all the scientifically proven, individualized therapies which are required for special children under one roof.