Special education is the method of educating students with special educational needs. It addresses their individual and different needs. The process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored teaching procedures, adapted materials in accessible settings. These interventions are designed to help individuals with special needs achieve a higher level of self-sufficiency and success in school that may not be available if the student were only given access to a typical classroom education.
Common special needs that require special education are learning disabilities, communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders like ADHD, physical disabilities like cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy and developmental disabilities like autism spectrum disorders. Students with these kinds of special needs are likely to benefit from additional special educational services which have different approaches towards teaching with use of technology, a specifically adapted teaching area and resource material. Special educational techniques can also be used for the intellectually gifted children also.
Remedial education also known as developmental education, basic skills education, compensatory education, preparatory education, and academic upgrading is used to assist students in order to achieve expected competencies in core academic skills such as literacy and numeracy. Where special education is designed specifically for students with special needs, remedial education can be designed for any students, with or without special needs; the reason being simply that the child has reached a point of under preparedness, regardless of the cause.