Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is caused by abnormalities in a baby’s DNA. Normally, a person has 46 chromosomes. But most people with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. In rare cases, other chromosome problems cause Down syndrome. Having extra or abnormal chromosomes changes the way the brain and body develop.

What is the risk of having a child with Down’s syndrome?

Maternal age is the only factor that has been linked to an increased chance of having a child with Down syndrome. The risk increase with the mother’s age at pregnancy.

•   1:385 risk at 35 years

•   1:106 at 40 years

•   1:30 at 45 year

The risk also increases after a previously affected pregnancy :

•   With regular trisomy 21, the recurrence risk is 0.75% at 12 weeks; 0.42% during the middle trimester and 0.34% at term.

•   Following trisomy due to a translocation, the recurrence risk is dependent on the type of translocation and which partner carries the translocation.

•   People with Down's syndrome rarely have children. Of maternal offspring, less than half have Down's syndrome.

What is the prognosis of Down’s syndrome children?

The prognosis for people with Down's syndrome depends on the nature and severity of any associated condition. Life expectancy is improving, especially because of improved diagnosis and management of those people with Down's syndrome who also have congenital heart defects.At least half of people with Down's syndrome now live into their 50s and 60s.

What are the treatment modalities available for treating such children?

Treatment for Down syndrome focuses on making sure that your child has regular medical checkups, watching for early signs of health problems, and finding support. Children with Down syndrome do learn and are capable of developing skills throughout their lives. They just follow a different pace in achieving their unique set of skills and abilities.

Typically a doctor would evaluate the child and prescribe therapies based on their needs. These may include special educators, speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy.

When should I start treatment for a child with Down syndrome?

Research indicates that early intervention improves outcome for children with Down syndrome. This assistance can begin shortly after birth and often continues until a child reaches age 3.

What are the features of Down’s syndrome in newborn babies?

 

Speech Therapy

Speech therapy is an intervention service that focuses on improving a child’s speech and abilities to understand and express language, including nonverbal language.

ABA Therapy

ABA is a scientifically proven technique to bring about changes in the behavior like reducing the unwanted and reinforcing the desired behavior.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a scientifically proven method to help promote increased mobility, strength, postural control, flexibility, coordination and gross motor skills in a child.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is an art and science of enabling and incorporating skills in a child to help them participate in everyday living through occupation.

Music Therapy

Music Therapy is an evidence-based and clinical method, where in music is used as an intervention to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship.

Aquatic Therapy

Aquatic Therapy is defined as “the use of water and specifically designed activity by qualified personnel to aid in the restoration, extension, maintenance and quality of function.

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